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4881. Spinoza, Baruch (1632?77) Philosopher and theologian, born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, into a Jewish emigrT family from Portugal. His deep interest in optics, the new astronomy, and Cartesian philosophy made him unpopular, and he was expelled from the Jewish community in 1656.

Photograph by Zev Radovan

SKU: 4881.-Spinoza,-Baruch- Category: