4758-3 Herzl

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4758-3 Herzl,-Theodor

4758. Herzl, Theodor (1860?1904) Zionist leader, born in Budapest, Hungary. After reporting the Dreyfus trial (1894), he was converted to Zionism, and in the pamphlet ‘Judenstaat’ (1896, The Jewish State) he called for a world council to discuss the question of a homeland for the Jews, convened the first Zionist Congress at Basel (1897), and became the first president of the World Zionist Organization. He is considered as the founder of the modern state of Israel

Photograph by Zev Radovan

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